在VMWare WorkStation上安装64位操作系统 - 小众知识

在VMWare WorkStation上安装64位操作系统

2013年01月27日 14:18:05 苏内容
  标签: VMWare/64位/操作系统
阅读:7328

 VMWare WorkStation 6.5可以支持安装64位操作系统,网上看了不少帖子说宿主的机器操作系统也需要是64位的,其实也不是,可以通过打开CPU的Virtualization Technology支持,这个一般在BIOS的CPU选项中,记住,即使宿主机器使用的是64位操作系统,也需要打开这一选项才能在虚拟机中安装64位操作系统。
      如果你的机器是intel芯片,不支持VT,很遗憾,无法在VMWare中安装64位的系统。
      VMWare的官方网站指出,支持在VMWare中安装64位的系统的芯片有以下几种:
AMD Athlon 64, revision D or later
AMD Opteron, revision E or later
AMD Turion 64, revision E or later
AMD Sempron, 64-bit-capable revision D or later (experimental support)
Intel EM64T VT-enabled processors (experimental support)
      有些32位的CPU也可以勉强的运行起64位VMWare系统,VMWare也提供了一个工具(下载地址)用于检测CPU的兼容性。
  (详见Hardware and Firmware Requirements for 64-Bit Guest Operating Systems)
 
关于VT技术的简介【摘自于全面解析Intel Virtualization Technology】
  virtualization技术和多任务(multitasking)、HyperThreading超线程技术是完全不同的。多任务是指在一个操作系统中多个程序同时并行运行,而在虚拟技术中,你可以拥有多个操作系统同时运行,每一个操作系统中都有多个程序运行,每一个操作系统都运行在一个虚拟的CPU或者是虚拟主机上。而HyperThreading超线程只是在SMP系统(Symmetric Multi Processing)中单CPU模拟双CPU来平衡程序运行性能,这两个模拟出来的CPU是不能分离的,只能协同工作。
  当然了,如果一个CPU同时支持HyperThreading和Virtualization技术的话,每一个虚拟CPU在各自的操作系统中都被看成是两个对称多任务处理的CPU。
  虚拟技术可能让人联想到早期CPU上的“Virtual 8086”技术,这种V86模式技术是用来兼容早期的8086/8088处理器而设计的,最早出现在386机器上。使用V86模式你可以创建好几个并行虚拟8086计算机来运行多个DOS程序,同样道理,使用VT技术你也可以创建几个完整的虚拟电脑来运行几个完整的操作系统。
  可是既然已经有VMware等这种可以达到虚拟目的的软件,为什么我们还要努力来实现硬件CPU内部的虚拟技术呢?这是因为硬件CPU的虚拟技术有许多优势。支持虚拟技术的CPU带有多余的指令集来控制虚拟过程,通过这些指令集,控制软件VMV(Virtual Machine Monitor)会很容易提高性能,相比软件的虚拟实现方式会很大程度上提高性能。

本文来自CSDN博客,转载请标明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/bill_lee_sh_cn/archive/2009/03/06/3963185.aspx
 
支持虚拟化技术的CPU型号
哪些CPU支持AMD-V(Pacifica)或者Intel VT~~~~X86 virtualization -AMD(TM)HVM
AMD(TM)HVM should work with all CPU's in the AMD-V (SVM) series.    The desktop processors must be for the "socket AM2" with DDR2 and F2 stepping that are not Sempron brand.
看这则英文资料,所有AM2接口的采用F2步进同时不是闪龙的CPU全部支持代号为Pacifica的AMD-V硬件虚拟化功能。
The list:
Athlon? 64    3800+
Athlon? 64    3500+
Athlon? 64    3200+
Athlon? 64    3000+
Athlon? 64 FX         FX-62
Athlon? 64 X2 Dual-Core       5000+
Athlon? 64 X2 Dual-Core       4800+
Athlon? 64 X2 Dual-Core       4600+
Athlon? 64 X2 Dual-Core       4400+
Athlon? 64 X2 Dual-Core       4200+
Athlon? 64 X2 Dual-Core       4000+
Athlon? 64 X2 Dual-Core       3800+
Turion(TM) 64 X2 TL-60
Turion(TM) 64 X2 TL-56
Turion(TM) 64 X2 TL-52
Turion(TM) 64 X2 TL-50
    the Opteron which is:
1000 Series
2000 Series
8000 Series
而支持VT也就是Intel相应硬件虚拟机功能的CPU列表如下:
Intel? 2 Core(TM) Duo Extreme processor X6800
Intel? 2 Core(TM) Duo processor E6700
Intel? 2 Core(TM) Duo processor E6600
Intel? 2 Core(TM) Duo processor E6400
Intel? 2 Core(TM) Duo processor E6300
Intel? Core(TM) Duo processor T2600
Intel? Core(TM) Duo processor T2500  
Intel? Core(TM) Duo processor T2400  
Intel? Core(TM) Duo processor L2300  
Intel? Pentium? processor Extreme Edition 965
Intel? Pentium? processor Extreme Edition 955
Intel? Pentium? D processor 960
Intel? Pentium? D processor 950
Intel? Pentium? D processor 940
Intel? Pentium? D processor 930
Intel? Pentium? D processor 920
Intel? Pentium? 4 processor 672
Intel? Pentium? 4 processor 662
Intel? Xeon? processor 7041
Intel? Xeon? processor 7040
Intel? Xeon? processor 7030
Intel? Xeon? processor 7020
Intel? Xeon? processor 5080
Intel? Xeon? processor 5063
Intel? Xeon? processor 5060
Intel? Xeon? processor 5050
Intel? Xeon? processor 5030

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